Tinting strength: Artists’ Watercolors are formulated to maximize the varying tint strengths of different pigments.
Black & White: Watercolorists can choose to mix their own dark tones and blacks, or use ready-mixed blacks. Ivory Black is the most widely used. On its own, it’s a velvety black with warm brown undertones. Lamp Black is a cooler color, with blue undertones, which is more opaque than Ivory Black. Both may be mixed with other colors to create darker shades. Chinese White is a traditional white used for highlighting and mixing pale pastel tints. Titanium White is a newer, more opaque pigment with greater tinting strength. All transparent colors become opaque when mixed with Chinese White or Titanium White.